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How Does an Apprenticeship Work UK?

Apprenticeships are an excellent way to gain practical skills and knowledge while earning a wage. However, you may wonder, “How does an apprenticeship work UK?”

In this article, we will explore how does an apprenticeship work, providing you with all the necessary information to make an informed decision about your educational and career journey.

How Does an Apprenticeship Work UK

What is an Apprenticeship? 

An apprenticeship vocational training program combines practical work experience with classroom-based learning. It allows individuals to gain valuable skills, knowledge, and qualifications while employed in a specific industry or occupation. Apprenticeships are available in various sectors, such as construction, engineering, healthcare, IT, etc.

Types of Apprenticeships

There are three main levels of apprenticeships in the UK:

  1. Intermediate Apprenticeships: Also known as Level 2 apprenticeships, these programs provide a foundation for individuals with few qualifications or limited work experience. They typically require GCSEs (or equivalent) and focus on developing essential skills relevant to the chosen industry.
  2. Advanced Apprenticeships: Also known as Level 3 apprenticeships, these programs are suitable for individuals who have completed their GCSEs (or equivalent) and aim to gain more in-depth knowledge and skills. Advanced apprenticeships provide a pathway to various career options or further education.
  3. Higher and Degree Apprenticeships: These apprenticeships, equivalent to Levels 4 to 7, combine work-based learning with higher education qualifications. They allow individuals to earn a university degree or higher education qualification while gaining practical experience in their chosen field.

How Does an Apprenticeship Work?

  1. Finding an Apprenticeship: You must find an apprenticeship vacancy to start your apprenticeship journey. Several online platforms, such as the government’s Find an Apprenticeship website, list available positions. You can search for vacancies based on industry, location, or level of apprenticeship.
  2. Applying for an Apprenticeship: You must apply once you find a suitable apprenticeship. The application process may involve submitting a CV, completing an application form, and attending an interview or assessment. Employers often look for enthusiasm, willingness to learn, and a genuine interest in the industry.
  3. Employment and Training: If your application is successful, you will be employed by a company and sign an apprenticeship agreement. This agreement outlines the terms and conditions of your apprenticeship, including the duration, training plan, and wages. You will work alongside experienced professionals or a training provider while attending college to acquire the necessary theoretical knowledge.
  4. Learning and Assessment: Throughout your apprenticeship, you will split your time between on-the-job training and classroom-based learning. You will receive guidance and support from a mentor or supervisor who will help you develop your skills and knowledge. Regular assessments will evaluate your progress, ensuring you meet the required standards.
  5. Qualifications and Certifications: Upon completing your apprenticeship, you will receive a nationally recognized qualification relevant to your chosen industry. This could be an NVQ, BTEC, HNC, HND, or a university degree, depending on your apprenticeship level.

Benefits of Apprenticeships

Apprenticeships offer numerous advantages, including:

  • Practical Skills: Gain hands-on experience and develop industry-specific skills highly valued by employers.
  • Earn While You Learn: Unlike traditional education routes, apprenticeships provide a regular income, allowing you to support yourself financially.
  • Career Opportunities: Apprenticeships can lead to various career opportunities, including progression within the company you trained with or opening doors to other employers in the industry.
  • Networking: During your apprenticeship, you can build a professional network by connecting with experienced individuals in your field. This network can be valuable for future job prospects and career growth.
  • Personal Development: Apprenticeships promote personal growth by fostering essential skills such as teamwork, communication, problem-solving, and time management.
  • Industry Insight: Apprenticeships provide a firsthand understanding of the industry, its challenges, and its trends, giving you a competitive edge in the job market.
  • Financial Support: In some cases, the government or your employer may cover the cost of your training, reducing the financial burden associated with education.


Apprenticeships offer an excellent opportunity for individuals to gain practical experience, qualifications, and valuable skills while employed in their chosen industry. Whether you are a school leaver, a career changer, or simply seeking an alternative to traditional education, apprenticeships provide a pathway to success. By understanding how apprenticeships work and their benefits, you can make an informed decision about your future and embark on a rewarding career journey.

Updated on July 15, 2023

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